Age Estimation

UK Supreme Court recommends Jury Primers

The head of the UK Supreme Court has recommended Jury primers for forensic science in a piece called "Stop needless dispute of science in the courts" published in Nature this week. We have described the use of the Jury primers before - they present a means of showing the trier of fact the scope, and limitations of a science.  This helps jurys and keeps forensic more...

Accuracy of Cameriere’s third molar maturity index in assessing legal adulthood on Serbian population.

At the moment, a large number of asylum seekers from the Middle East are passing through Serbia. Most of them do not have identification documents. Also, the past wars in the Balkan region have left many unidentified victims and missing persons. From a legal point of view, it is crucial to determine whether a person is a minor or an adult (≥18 years of age). In recent more...

Secular trend in the maturation of permanent teeth in a sample of Turkish children over the past 30 years.

This study was performed to evaluate the influence of secular trends on dental maturation among Turkish children over the past 30 years. Orthopantomograms of 757 (385 boys, 372 girls) Turkish children born in the 1980s, 1990s, and 2000s were evaluated. Three groups were formed based on decade with five subgroups by age from 9 to 13 years old for each gender. The number of more...

Dental and chronological age in children under oncological treatment.

So one can argue that this is a very small, very specific population studied in this paper.  Thankfully, the number of cases of children undergoing cancer therapies such as this is small, and therefore the need to age them for forensic purposes is likely to be incredibly rare. However, the main piece around this research, published in the Journal of Forensic Science, more...

Secular trend of earlier onset and decelerated development of third molars: evidence from Croatia.

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of the secular trend on development of third molars in 30 years period in Littoral region of Croatia. A total of 1103 panoramic radiographs of subjects aged from 6 to 18 years were analysed. First group comprised 531 panoramic radiographs (258 girls) taken from year period 1977 till 1979 and second group 572 more...

Senn & Potkin at NACDL

https://vimeo.com/147972395 David Senn has long been a vocal spokesperson for bitemarks and the ABFO.  However, his views on bitemarks have changed over the years. Nothing different in that surely?  However, the interesting thing is that Senn was once one of those calling for caution, stating in his NAS presentation that the scientific basis for bitemarks hadn't more...

Dental age assessment in a northern Chinese population.

INTRODUCTION: Age estimation is imperative in the fields of paediatric dentistry, orthodontics and forensic science. Studies have shown that dental age estimation by the radiological method is reliable and non-destructive. Although Demirjian's method was the most widely used estimation method, in recent studies, the Willems' method has been found to be more accurate. The more...

Third molar development by measurements of open apices in an Italian sample of living subjects.

The aim of this study is to analyse the age-predicting performance of third molar index (I3M) in dental age estimation. A multiple regression analysis was developed with chronological age as the independent variable. In order to investigate the relationship between the I3M and chronological age, the standard deviation and relative error were examined. Digitalized more...

The applicability of Willems’ method for age estimation in southern Turkish children: A preliminary study.

The aims of the present study were to evaluate the applicability and accuracy of Willems' method for assessing southern Turkish children and to analyze the practicability of this method in different age groups for both genders. Panoramic radiographs of 756 children (378 females, 378 males) aged between 5 and 14.99 years were examined by one observer. This retrospective more...

Sex assessment efficacy of permanent maxillary first molar cusp dimensions in Indians.

BACKGROUND: The human first maxillary molar provides clues about evolution and is functionally important. It has four main cusps, and each cusp has an independent growth pattern and different evolutionary background. Though less explored, the analysis based on measurement of each cusp appears to be more meaningful biologically than conventional measurements of the whole more...