Literature Library

Forensic considerations when dealing with incinerated human dental remains. Full Text

Establishing the human dental identification process relies upon sufficient post-mortem data being recovered to allow for a meaningful comparison with ante-mortem records of the deceased person. Teeth are the most indestructible components of the human body and are structurally unique in their composition. They possess the highest resistance to most environmental effects more...

Forensic Odontology: The Roles and Responsibilities of the Dentist – Full Text

This paper is a good overview of the forensic dentist's job - covering the major aspects of what is required, the source materials and the analysis that is undertaken.  Written for a general dental practice audience the authors cover the essential elements. Dentistry has much to offer law enforcement in the detection and solution of crime or in civil proceedings. more...

Detecting Child Abuse and Neglect — Are Dentists Doing Enough? Full Text

Dental health professionals continue to under-report child abuse, despite growing awareness of their potential role in detecting this crime. This article presents an overview of child abuse and neglect and outlines the indicators that may alert dental professionals to possible maltreatment of child patients. Documentation protocols are also provided to aid in reporting more...

Forensic odontology – a routine case and commentary – Full Text

This paper, written for the general practitioner, mentions bitemarks only in passing. The majority of the paper is devoted to an identification case.  Again this included in the literature library for completeness rather than any substantive contribution to bitemark science.  Written by Levine - an ABFO diplomate and an outspoken supporter of bitemarks. He was famously more...

Forensic odontology and its role in the problems of the police and forensic pathologist – Full Text

Paper outlines the value of forensic dentistry to the police. Recommends the type of dentists who should be called to assist. Summarizes with case reports including a bitemark case on two young children.  A brief work and included in the literature library for completeness rather than any substantive research merit. The paper can be seen here.   [embeddoc more...

Recognition of bite marks in child abuse cases – Full Text

Another paper in our series examining the issue of child abuse.  This is a simple review paper that outlines the role of forensic dentists in the assessment of NAI of dental origin or of neglect. Health professionals must be attentive to any and all signs of child maltreatment. Bite marks are one of several visual expressions of active child abuse. The efforts of more...

Arch width changes from 6 weeks to 45 years of age – Full Text

This is an important reference paper that should be consulted by anyone who is asked about the size of bitemarks and their relation to the age of the suspected biter.  While the data are from orthodontic studies the paper is especially strong as it a longitudinal study - i.e. the authors have followed the development of the dentition overtime.  As such the evidence is more...

Bitemark identification in child abuse cases – Wagner 1986 – Full Text

This paper highlights the important issue of bitemarks on children and correctly states that Bitemarks in children represent child abuse until proven differently The paper contains useful information on the identification and collection of evidence and was cited in the American Academy of Peadiatrics guidelines on the subject. However, the paper is from the mid 1980's and more...

Oral and Dental Aspects of Child Abuse and Neglect – Full Text

This paper is frequently cited and used by paediatric physicians in relation to bitemark assessments and whether or not they are caused by adults or children.  This issue is discussed in detail here, but the paper is of merit as it brings to the fore the importance of dental neglect, looking for evidence of this as well as the role of oral health as an indicator of more...

Dental Evidence in Forensic Identification – An Overview, Methodology and Present Status. Full text.

Forensic odontology is primarily concerned with the use of teeth and oral structures for identification in a legal context. Various forensic odontology techniques help in the identification of the human remains in incidents such as terrorists' attacks, airplane, train and road accidents, fires, mass murders, and natural disasters such as tsunamis, earth quakes and floods, more...