Child Abuse

Bitemark Bibliography

Here is a list of all the peer reviewed publications on bitemarks.  This list is up to date as of 2011 and we will be updating this to 2017 shortly. You can download the list for your own use and please feel free to distribute. The bibliography was collated in order to ensure that there was a ready resource of science in the area available to dentists, lawyers and more...

Child care provider accused of biting a child

Not the first time we have seen a daycare worker alleged of this - but last time we had a story like this the BM looked, to me and several others, like it sufficient detail present to suggest, at least, a child had caused it!  You can read this story here. A Beulah daycare provider is charged with child neglect or abuse, after biting a three year old child in her more...

Detecting Child Abuse and Neglect — Are Dentists Doing Enough? Full Text

Dental health professionals continue to under-report child abuse, despite growing awareness of their potential role in detecting this crime. This article presents an overview of child abuse and neglect and outlines the indicators that may alert dental professionals to possible maltreatment of child patients. Documentation protocols are also provided to aid in reporting more...

Recognition of bite marks in child abuse cases – Full Text

Another paper in our series examining the issue of child abuse.  This is a simple review paper that outlines the role of forensic dentists in the assessment of NAI of dental origin or of neglect. Health professionals must be attentive to any and all signs of child maltreatment. Bite marks are one of several visual expressions of active child abuse. The efforts of more...

Arch width changes from 6 weeks to 45 years of age – Full Text

This is an important reference paper that should be consulted by anyone who is asked about the size of bitemarks and their relation to the age of the suspected biter.  While the data are from orthodontic studies the paper is especially strong as it a longitudinal study - i.e. the authors have followed the development of the dentition overtime.  As such the evidence is more...

Bitemark identification in child abuse cases – Wagner 1986 – Full Text

This paper highlights the important issue of bitemarks on children and correctly states that Bitemarks in children represent child abuse until proven differently The paper contains useful information on the identification and collection of evidence and was cited in the American Academy of Peadiatrics guidelines on the subject. However, the paper is from the mid 1980's and more...

Oral and Dental Aspects of Child Abuse and Neglect – Full Text

This paper is frequently cited and used by paediatric physicians in relation to bitemark assessments and whether or not they are caused by adults or children.  This issue is discussed in detail here, but the paper is of merit as it brings to the fore the importance of dental neglect, looking for evidence of this as well as the role of oral health as an indicator of more...